Cultural revolutions: reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad

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Pennsylvania State University Press,
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In this probing examination of the meaning and function of culture in contemporary society, Lawrence Cahoone argues that reason itself is cultural, but no less reasonable for it. While recent political and philosophical movements have recognized that cognition, the self, and politics are embedded in culture, most fail to appreciate the deep changes in rationalism and liberal theory this implies, others leap directly into relativism, and nearly all fail to define culture. Cultural Revolutions systematically defines culture, gauges the consequences of the ineradicably cultural nature of cognition and action, yet argues that none of this implies relativism.

After showing where other “new culturalists” have gone wrong, Cahoone offers his own definition of culture as teleologically organized practices, artifacts, and narratives and analyzes the notion of cultural membership in relation to race, ethnicity, and “primordialism.” He provides a theory of culture’s role in how we form our sense of reality and argues that the proper conception of culture dissolves “the problem” of cultural relativism.

Applying this perspective to Islamic fundamentalism, Cahoone identifies its conflict with the West as representing the break between two of three historically distinctive forms of reason. Rather than being “irrational,” he shows, fundamentalism embodies a rationality only recently devalued—but not entirely abandoned—by the West. The persistence of plural forms of reason suggests that modernization in various world cultures is compatible with continued, even magnified, cultural differences.

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full_title cultural revolutions reason versus culture in philosophy politics and jihad
author cahoone lawrence e
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2017-08-14 05:04:17AM

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physical 231 p. ; 24 cm.
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table_of_contents Introduction : the return of the repressed -- Liberalism and la revanche de la culture -- Kingdoms of ends -- Who is culture? -- Modernity : culture of reason or reason against culture? -- Postmodernity : too much culture or not enough? -- Playing reality -- Why there is no problem of cultural relativism -- What is the opposite of jihad? -- Conclusion : culture's reasons.
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title Cultural revolutions reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad
title_display Cultural revolutions reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad
title_full Cultural revolutions [electronic resource] : reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad / Lawrence E. Cahoone
title_short Cultural revolutions
title_sort cultural revolutions reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad
title_sub reason versus culture in philosophy, politics, and jihad