Community of the cross: Moravian piety in colonial Bethlehem

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Pennsylvania State University Press,
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Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, was a unique colonial town. It was the first permanent outpost of the Moravians in North America and served as the headquarters for their extensive missionary efforts. It was also one of the most successful communal societies in American history. Bethlehem was founded as a "congregation of the cross" where all aspects of personal and social life were subordinated to the religious ideal of the community. InCommunity of the Cross, Craig D. Atwood offers a convincing portrait of Bethlehem and its religion.

Visitors to Bethlehem, such as Benjamin Franklin, remarked on the orderly and peaceful nature of life in the community, its impressive architecture, and its "high" culture. However, many non-Moravians were embarrassed or even offended by the social and devotional life of the Moravians. The adoration of the crucified Jesus, especially his wounds, was the focus of intense devotion for adults and children alike. Moravians worshiped the Holy Spirit as "Mother," and they made the mystical marriage to Christ central to their marital intimacy. Everything, even family life, was to be a form of worship.

Atwood reveals the deep connection between life in Bethlehem and the religious symbolism of controversial German theologian Nicholas von Zinzendorf, whose provocative and erotic adoration of the wounds of Jesus was an essential part of private and communal life. Using the theories of René Girard, Mary Douglas, and Victor Turner, Atwood shows that it was the Moravians’ liturgy and devotion that united the community and inspired both its unique social structure and its missionary efforts.

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Grouped Work ID 893839e4-7c26-d424-77ae-72d9232febb0
full_title community of the cross moravian piety in colonial bethlehem
author atwood craig d
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2017-08-14 05:04:18AM

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physical xi, 283 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.
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table_of_contents The Moravians and transatlantic German pietism -- Zinzendorf and the theology of the heart -- The body of Christ -- Bethlehem -- Ritual -- Union with Christ -- Living in the side wound of Christ.
target_audience Other
target_audience_full Other
title Community of the cross Moravian piety in colonial Bethlehem
title_display Community of the cross Moravian piety in colonial Bethlehem
title_full Community of the cross [electronic resource] : Moravian piety in colonial Bethlehem / Craig D. Atwood
title_short Community of the cross
title_sort community of the cross moravian piety in colonial bethlehem
title_sub Moravian piety in colonial Bethlehem