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The Confederate Cherokees: John Drew's regiment of mounted rifles

Book Cover
Average Rating
Publisher:
Louisiana State University Press,
Pub. Date:
c1989.
Language:
English
Description

Although many Indian nations fought in the Civil War, historians have given little attention to the role Native Americans played in the conflict. Indian nations did, in fact, suffer a higher percentage of casualties than any Union or Confederate state, and the war almost destroyed the Cherokee Nation. In The Confederate Cherokees, W. Craig Gaines provides an absorbing account of the Cherokees' involvement in the early years of the Civil War, focusing in particular on the actions of one group, John Drew's Regiment of Mounted Rifles.

As the war began, The Cherokees were torn by internal political dissension and a simmering thirty-year-old blood feud. Entry into the war on the Confederate side did little to resolve these intratribal tensions. One faction, loyal to Chief John Ross, formed a regiment led by John Drew, Ross's nephew by marriage. Another regiment was formed by Ross's rival, Stand Watie. The Watie regiment was largely por-Confederate, whereas many of Drew's soldiers, though fighting for the Confederate cause, were secretly members of a pro-Union, antislavery society known as the Keetoowahs. They had little sympathy for the southern whites, who had driven them from their ancestral homelands in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Drew's regiment nonetheless earned a degree of infamy during the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, for scalping Union soldiers.

Gaines writes not only about the actions of Drew's regiment but about military events in the Indian Territory in general. United action was almost impossible because of continuing factionalism within the tribes and the desertion of many Indians to the Union forces. Desertion was so high that Drew's regiment was effectively disbanded by mid-1862, and the soldiers did not complete their one-year enlistment. Drew's regiment bears the distinction of being the only Confederate regiment to lose almost its entire membership through desertion to the Union ranks.

Gaines's solidly researched, ground-breaking history of this ill-fated band of Cherokees will be of interest to Civil War buffs and students of Native American history alike.

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ISBN:
9780807114889
080711488
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Grouping Information

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full_title confederate cherokees john drews regiment of mounted rifles
author gaines w craig
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2016-12-14 05:07:24AM

Solr Details

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owning_library_arlington Arlington Public Library, Aurora Hills, Central, Cherrydale, Columbia Pike, Connection Crystal City, Detention Center, Glencarlyn, Local History, Plaza, Shirlington, Westover
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physical 178 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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primary_isbn 9780807114889
publishDate 1989
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publisher Louisiana State University Press,
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record_details ils:.b13179895|Book|Books||English|Louisiana State University Press,|c1989.|178 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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subject_facet United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Participation, Indian, United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Regimental histories
target_audience Adult
target_audience_full Adult
title The Confederate Cherokees : John Drew's regiment of mounted rifles
title_display The Confederate Cherokees : John Drew's regiment of mounted rifles
title_full The Confederate Cherokees : John Drew's regiment of mounted rifles / W. Craig Gaines
title_short The Confederate Cherokees :
title_sort confederate cherokees john drew's regiment of mounted rifles
title_sub John Drew's regiment of mounted rifles