Schools and the equal opportunity problem

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Publisher:
MIT Press,
Pub. Date:
c2007.
Language:
English
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Much educational research today is focused on assessing reforms that are intended to create equal opportunity for all students. Many current policies aim at concentrating extra resources on the disadvantaged. The state-of-the-art research in Schools and the Equal Opportunity Problem suggests, however, that even sizeable differential spending on the disadvantaged will not yield an equality of results. In this CESifo volume, leading scholars from the United States and Europe use the tools of economics to assess the outcome of efforts to solve education's equal opportunity problem in a range of countries, including the United States, Britain, Germany, Sweden, and Italy.The evidence shows some routes for advancement--testing with high performance standards, for example, and well-designed school choice--but also raises considerable doubts about whether many current school policies are effective in dramatically altering the opportunity structure. The evidence presented also calls into question the idea that causal peer effects are very strong. The contributors examine such topics as the link between education and parental income, the problematic past research on peer effects, tracking, the distribution of educational outcomes, human capital policy aimed at disadvantaged students, and private/public school choice.The research suggests that achieving universal primary and secondary education is both urgently needed and feasible. Will the international community commit the necessary economic, human, and political resources? The challenge, say the editors, is "as inspiring and formidable... as any extraterrestrial adventures--and far more likely to enrich and improve life on earth."

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ISBN:
9781429479691
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full_title schools and the equal opportunity problem
author ludger woessmann and paul e peterson
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2017-08-14 05:04:32AM

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physical vi, 327 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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series CESifo seminar
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table_of_contents Introduction : schools and the equal opportunity problem / Paul E. Peterson and Ludger Woessmann -- Education expansion and intergenerational mobility in Britain / Stephen Machin -- Education and earnings over the life cycle : longitudinal age-earnings profiles from Sweden / Sofia Sandgren -- Peer effects in North Carolina public schools / Jacob Vigdor and Thomas Nechyba -- The heterogeneous effect of selection in UK secondary schools / Fernando Galindo-Rueda and Anna Vignoles -- The optimal timing of school tracking : a general model with calibration for Germany / Giorgio Brunello, Massimo Giannini, and Kenn Ariga -- Some U.S. evidence on how the distribution of educational outcomes can be changed / Eric A. Hanushek -- The effectiveness of human-capital policies for disadvantaged groups in the Netherlands / Edwin Leuven and Hessel Oosterbeek -- Equalizing opportunity for racial and socioeconomic groups in the United States through educational-finance reform / Julian R. Betts and John E. Roemer -- Educational reform and disadvantaged students in the United States / John H. Bishop and Ferran Mane -- The impact of school choice on sorting by ability and socioeconomic factors in English secondary education / Simon Burgess, Brendon McConnell, Carol Propper and Deborah Wilson -- The impact of perceived public-school quality on private-school choice in Italy / Daniele Checchi and Tullio Jappelli.
target_audience Other
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title Schools and the equal opportunity problem
title_display Schools and the equal opportunity problem
title_full Schools and the equal opportunity problem [electronic resource] / edited by Ludger Woessmann and Paul E. Peterson
title_short Schools and the equal opportunity problem
title_sort schools and the equal opportunity problem