Down and out in early America

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Pennsylvania State University Press,
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It has often been said that early America was the "best poor man’s country in the world." After all, wasn’t there an abundance of land and a scarcity of laborers? The law of supply and demand would seem to dictate that most early American working people enjoyed high wages and a decent material standard of living. Down and Out in Early America presents the evidence for poverty versus plenty and concludes that financial insecurity was a widespread problem that plagued many early Americans.

The fact is that in early America only an extremely thin margin separated those who required assistance from those who were able to secure independently the necessities of life. The reasons for this were many: seasonal and cyclical unemployment, inadequate wages, health problems (including mental illness), alcoholism, a large pool of migrants, low pay for women, abandoned families. The situation was made worse by the inability of many communities to provide help for the poor except to incarcerate them in workhouses and almshouses.

The essays in this volume explore the lives and strategies of people who struggled with destitution, evaluate the changing forms of poor relief, and examine the political, religious, gender, and racial aspects of poverty in early North America.Down and Out in Early America features a distinguished lineup of historians. In the first chapter, Gary B. Nash surveys the scholarship on poverty in early America and concludes that historians have failed to appreciate the numerous factors that generated widespread indigence. Philip D. Morgan examines poverty among slaves while Jean R. Soderlund looks at the experience of Native Americans in New Jersey. In the other essays, Monique Bourque, Ruth Wallis Herndon, Tom Humphrey, Susan E. Klepp, John E. Murray, Simon Newman, J. Richard Olivas, and Karin Wulf look at the conditions of poverty across regions, making this the most complete and comprehensive work of its kind.

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full_title down and out in early america
author billy g smith
grouping_category book
lastUpdate 2017-08-14 05:04:34AM

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physical xx, 327 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm.
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table_of_contents Introduction: "The best poor man's country?" / Billy G. Smith -- Poverty and politics in early American history / Gary B. Nash -- Dead bodies : poverty and death in early national Philadelphia / Simon Newman -- Malthusian miseries and the working poor in Philadelphia, 1780-1830 : gender and infant mortality / Susan E. Klepp -- Slaves and poverty / Philip D. Morgan -- "Who died an expence to this town" : poor relief in eighteenth-century Rhode Island / Ruth Wallis Herndon -- Gender and the political economy of poor relief in colonial Philadelphia / Karin Wulf -- Poor relief "without violating the rights of humanity" : almshouse administration in the Philadelphia region, 1790-1860 / Monique Bourque -- Bound by charity : the abandoned children of late eighteenth-century Charleston / John E. Murray -- Poverty and politics in the Hudson River Valley / Thomas Humphrey -- "God helps those who help themselves" : religious explanations of poverty in colonial Massachusetts, 1630-1776 / J. Richard Olivas -- The Delaware Indians and poverty in colonial New Jersey / Jean R. Soderlund.
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title Down and out in early America
title_display Down and out in early America
title_full Down and out in early America [electronic resource] / edited by Billy G. Smith
title_short Down and out in early America
title_sort down and out in early america