America's first freedom rider : Elizabeth Jennings, Chester A. Arthur, and the early fight for civil rights
(Book)

Book Cover
Average Rating
Published
Guilford, Connecticut : Lyons Press, [2020].
Status
Central - Adult Nonfiction
323.092 MIKOR

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LocationCall NumberStatus
Central - Adult Nonfiction323.092 MIKORAvailable

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Format
Book
Physical Desc
xiii, 241 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language
English
ISBN
9781493041343, 1493041347

Notes

Description
"In 1854, traveling was full of danger. Omnibus accidents were commonplace. Pedestrians were regularly attacked by the Five Points' gangs. Rival police forces watched and argued over who should help. Pickpockets, drunks and kidnappers were all part of the daily street scene in old New York. Yet somehow, they endured and transformed a trading post into the Empire City. None of this was on Elizabeth Jennings's mind as she climbed the platform onto the Chatham Street horsecar. But her destination and that of the country took a sudden turn when the conductor told her to wait for the next car because it had "her people" in it. When she refused to step off the bus, she was assaulted by the conductor who was aided by a NY police officer. On February 22, 1855, Elizabeth Jennings v. Third Avenue Rail Road case was settled. Seeking $500 in damages, the jury stunned the courtroom with a $250 verdict in Lizzie's favor. Future US president Chester A. Arthur was Jennings' attorney and their lives would be forever onward intertwined. This is the story of what happened that day. It's also the story of Jennings' and Arthur's families, the struggle for equality, and race relations. It's the history of America at its most despicable and most exhilarating. Yet few historians know of Elizabeth Jennings or the impact she had on desegregating public transit.

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Citations

APA Citation (style guide)

Mikorenda, J. (2020). America's first freedom rider: Elizabeth Jennings, Chester A. Arthur, and the early fight for civil rights . Lyons Press.

Chicago / Turabian - Author Date Citation (style guide)

Mikorenda, Jerry. 2020. America's First Freedom Rider: Elizabeth Jennings, Chester A. Arthur, and the Early Fight for Civil Rights. Guilford, Connecticut: Lyons Press.

Chicago / Turabian - Humanities Citation (style guide)

Mikorenda, Jerry. America's First Freedom Rider: Elizabeth Jennings, Chester A. Arthur, and the Early Fight for Civil Rights Guilford, Connecticut: Lyons Press, 2020.

MLA Citation (style guide)

Mikorenda, Jerry. America's First Freedom Rider: Elizabeth Jennings, Chester A. Arthur, and the Early Fight for Civil Rights Lyons Press, 2020.

Note! Citation formats are based on standards as of August 2021. Citations contain only title, author, edition, publisher, and year published. Citations should be used as a guideline and should be double checked for accuracy.

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